US National Security and Foreign Direct Investment

by Edward M. Graham and David M. Marchick
May 2006
Book Description

Although a vital part of the US economy, foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States periodically raises public and congressional alarms—as witnessed during Dubai Ports World's recent bid to acquire US port operations and Chinese firm CNOOC's attempt to buy US energy firm Unocal. Drawing fire from Congress are the Exon-Florio provisions of US law, which enable the president to block a foreign acquisition that threatens national security. This important new book finds that many proposed reforms risk harming the US economy without enhancing national security. The authors propose ways to strengthen the current interagency review of deals, including an improved process for reporting to Congress.

Selected chapters and sections are provided for preview only.


Executive Summary


1. Introduction [pdf]

2. The Exon-Florio Amendment

3. The Economic Effects of Foreign Investment in the United States

4. National Security Issues Related to Investments from China [pdf]

5. Politicization of the CFIUS Process

6. Policy Recommendations: Improving the Implementation of Exon-Florio [pdf]



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Book Data

May 2006
ISBN paper 0-88132-391-8 | 978-0-88132-391-7
220 pp.

Commentaries on This Book

". . . a very important and comprehensive assessment of a critical issue in a post-September 11 world. Protecting national security and maintaining an open investment regime are twin imperatives for the United States."

Brent Scowcroft, national security adviser to Presidents Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush

"Foreign investment and takeovers attract much heat and little light. This book redresses that balance admirably, offering a serious factual analysis of national security concerns and FDI in the United States. I strongly recommend it."

Bill Emmott, immediate past editor-in-chief, The Economist

". . . an insightful analysis of the complex and often emotional issues of foreign ownership of US assets and the national security issues associated with foreign ownership."

Lawrence Summers, former secretary of the treasury

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