The Exchange Stabilization Fund (ESF) holds more than $40 billion that is at the disposal of the US Secretary of the Treasury for use in foreign exchange intervention and international financial support operations. Its use in the Mexican rescue package of 1995 brought the ESF into the public spotlight for the first time in recent years, and it has been deployed in Brazil and several Asian crisis countries as well. Its availability for such packages and its total control by the Treasury secretary have therefore become very controversial. Randall Henning's study maintains that the Fund is an important element of US foreign policy and economic policy and that it should remain under the exclusive control of the Treasury, but that Congress should exercise effective oversight. Henning also covers the legislative history of the ESF and outlines the principles by which the Fund should be administered.
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1. Introduction 131.0KB
2. Overview and Rationales 140.1KB
3. History 252.4KB
4. Financial Performance and Profile 244.5KB
5. Institutional Position 279.2KB
6. The Mexican Peso Crisis of 1995 and Its Aftermath 216.6KB
7. Global Financial Crises 184.0KB
8. Conclusions and Recommendations 191.6KB
Appendix A-B 309.5KB