Agricultural Trade Policy: Completing the Reform

Policy Analyses in International Economics 53
by Tim Josling
April 1998
Book Description

The Uruguay Round trade negotiations marked a historic turning point in the reform of agricultural trade. The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA) replaced nontariff barriers with bound tariffs, curbed export subsidies, and codified domestic agricultural programs. Unfortunately, the URAA bound many of the tariffs that replaced nontariff barriers too high, it legitimized export subsidies, and it left the domestic farm policies of the major industrial countries largely untouched.Fortunately, regional trade institutions have also begun to grapple with agricultural trade liberalization. Agriculture was featured in the Mercosur agreement, in recent agreements between the European Union and the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and in the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA). Plans for broad supraregional trade structures, such as the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum and the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), have also dealt with the inclusion of agricultural trade. Meanwhile, in developing and middle-income countries, unilateral agricultural policy reforms have been part of recent economic policy changes. However, in the industrial countries, agricultural policy reform has languished in the face of much domestic opposition. But the reform of the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 1992 and the 1996 Farm Bill in the United States seems to have ushered in a new era of relations between government and agricultural groups. The author points out ways that multilateral, regional, and unilateral paths could be coordinated to liberalized agricultural trade. He proposes a set of multilateral talks that would benefit from agricultural reform at all levels and complete the job begun at the Uruguay Round.

Contents

Preface

1. Introduction 32.6KB

2. The Case for Further Reform of Agricultural Trade 110.1KB

3. The Current Status of Agricultural Trade Reform 271.6KB

4. The Climate for Further Reform of Agricultural Trade 113.8KB

5. Next Steps in Agricultural Trade Policy Reform 144.8KB

6. Conclusions 87.0KB

References

Index

Other Buying Options
Non-US customers: for faster service, please order through Eurospan.
Book Data

April 1998
ISBN paper 0-88132-256-3 | 978-0-88132-256-9
132 pp.

Commentaries on This Book

"... the Uruguay round's agreement on agriculture brought farm trade under GATT disciplines for the first time ... Timothy Josling lucidly explains the fiendishly complicated results."

The Economist

Other Books of Interest
Delivering on Doha: Farm Trade and the Poor
Code: 3926
Price: $22.95
Quantity in Basket: none
Food Regulation and Trade: Toward a Safe and Open Global System
Code: 347
Price: $29.95
Quantity in Basket: none
Roots of Competitiveness: China's Evolving Agriculture Interests
Code: 380
Price: $17.95
Quantity in Basket: none
Code: 73
Price: $0.00
Quantity in Basket: none
Trade Policy and Global Poverty
Code: 379
Price: $29.95
Quantity in Basket: none
Code: 65
Price: $11.95
Quantity in Basket: none