Examining the Designation and Regulation of Bank Holding Company SIFIs

Prepared remarks submitted to the Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit Subcommittee of the House Financial Services Committee for the hearing "Examining the Designation and Regulation of Bank Holding Company SIFIs" (Systemically Important Financial Institutions)

July 8, 2015

A. Main Points

  1. Section 165 of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act authorizes the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to establish "more stringent" standards and requirements for bank holding companies with assets over $50 billion compared with smaller bank holding companies. At the same time, the Fed is granted considerable discretion to determine exactly how to apply these standards, including what requirements are imposed on different size banks (Section 165(a)(2)(A)).
  2. As a matter of practice since 2010, the Fed has not applied one set of standards to all banks with assets over $50 billion. There is substantial differentiation, depending in part on size, but also varying according to factors such business model, complexity, and opaqueness.
  3. This differentiation, to date, seems sensible and reasonably robust—subject to the points below. It also appears completely consistent with congressional intent, expressed through Dodd-Frank and earlier legislation that is still in effect.

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Simon Johnson Senior Research Staff

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