The Economic Scope and Future of US-India Labor Migration Issues

Working Paper
February 2015

India dominates as the source of both permanent and temporary employment-based migration to the United States. The true economic value produced by high-skilled Indian temporary workers in the United States is estimated as exceeding $45 billion in recent years, surpassing the value of US cross-border imports of goods or services from India. Kirkegaard analyzes the impact of potential US immigration reform on US-India bilateral migration. He commends legislative efforts to ease access for Indian individuals to the US labor market, but he notes that these reform efforts also might make it harder for some Indian high-tech firms' current business models to operate in US markets.

Data disclosure: The data underlying the figures in this analysis are available here [xlsx].